Brendan Harmon

Ecological Robotics

Unmanned Ground Vehicle


Robotic Planting

Robotic Planting

Robotic Planting   We are developing robotic processes for planting seeds in algorithmically generated designs. In the first phase of this project we developed a method for robotically extruding seeds in a paste of clay and planting media. As a proof of concept we demonstrated how algorithms can generate precise planting patterns such as pseudorandom gradients. We are investigating alternative planting processes, integrating sensors into the system, and integrating the system onto an unmanned ground vehicle for landscape-scale planting. We envision unmanned ground vehicles with seed printing systems planting entire landscapes with algorithmic designs. The team leads are Brendan Harmon and Hye Yeon Nam. This research was funded by an LSU Faculty Research Grant.


Harmon, Brendan and Hye Yeon Nam. 2023. “Ecological Robotics”. In: Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture 8, pp. 486–492. url:

Harmon, Brendan A, Hye Yeon Nam, Hunter Gilbert, and Nasrin Iravani. 2022. “Living Typography: Robotically Printing a Living Typeface”. In: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts. New Orleans, LA, USA: Association for Computing Machinery. url:


Living Typography, 2023 Type Directors Club (TDC) Awards

Robotic Sensing

Drone Lidar

Robotic Sensing   We are exploring how robots – from drones to unmanned ground vehicles – can sense landscapes. We are studying how landscapes can be captured and represented with technologies such as multispectral sensors, real-time lidar, and radiance fields.